## TACOM HQ®

## Command Results

## CAGE 834B9 SAM GHMFLBP9GGM3

## “Incoming fire has the right of way." - Unknown

## Structured Barrel®

## INTEL

• Ultra-rigid, high surface-area-to-volume barrels.

• Advantages

– Reduced deflection

– Enhanced temperature resistance

– Less mirage

– Flatter SD

– Minimal load development

– Improved life

• Patented barrel technology

The following offers various physical and mathematical proofs and FEA (Finite Element Analysis) models and simulations using MSC/NASTRAN and LS-DYNA to describe Structured Barrels; independently peer-reviewed by a team of aeronautical engineers.

*UNDERSTANDING BARREL FLEXION AS WAVES*

__Axial Stiffness __

Structural stiffness is a measure of an object’s resistance to deflection when subjected to a force. Axial stiffness is one example that refers to a structure’s resistance to deformation along its longitudinal axis when a parallel force is applied. It is quantified by a coefficient that represents the relationship between an axial force (F) and the resulting axial displacement (x). A basic example, in finite terms, is an axial spring where deflection is defined as F = kx, also known as Hooke’s Law, where F is the applied force, k is the spring coefficient / stiffness constant, and x is the displacement. The following image demonstrates as load increases, deflection increases. Less visually obvious, though, is as spring stiffness increases, deflection decreases. In a rifle barrel, axial stiffness is a linear function of the cross-sectional area and its material stiffness (modulus of elasticity).

Axial stiffness in structural engineering analyses account for structural weight, external force(s), and in mechanical systems, like shafts and columns, determines the structure’s ability to maintain alignment and resist deflection when subjected to an axial load. Axial stiffness also includes vibration as this affects how an object elongates and contracts under load.

__Bending Stiffness __

Unlike axial stiffness, bending stiffness is the measure of an object’s resistance to deflection when subjected to a lateral load, or an end bending moment, and by increasing material distribution in the plane of the force will yield greater resistance to flexion. This concept is simplified by evaluating the below figure. Click here for a complete video animation.

Flexion caused by a bending load may be calculated using closed form equations from simple cross-sections, but for variable section beams, like Structured Barrels, a more complex method like finite elements is required. In general, though, bending stiffness is linearly related to the moment of inertia of the cross-sectional area. Therefore, comparing the relative bend resistance of two objects (standard barrels versus a Structured Barrel) is done by contrasting their respective moments of inertia and as a function of section area.

__Natural Frequency__

An object’s resistance to bend is intrinsic to its mass distribution, structural stiffness, and material stiffness (modulus of elasticity). Tuners, like suppressors, can alter mass distribution, changes in length and diameter affect structural stiffness, while 416SS, 400 MOD, or chromoly exhibit different material stiffnesses. Each yields varying degrees of influence depending on the scale of the variable change and its relationship to the system’s overall mode.

These three functions drive an object’s natural frequency and its resistance to deflection. This can be clearly understood by considering the sound an object makes when struck. The pitch of that sound is the audible frequency at which the object is bending to some displacement value in oscillation. For example, when a tuning fork undergoes resonance, it vibrates at some frequency until energy dissipates through grounding and friction.

Similarly, barrels want to vibrate at their natural frequency(s) during a firing sequence, but in the case of rifles, it is not just barrel stiffness that determines its behavior. The attachment to the stock/chassis, the stiffness of the bipod/mount, the stiffness of the bipod interface with the ground, and the stiffness of the rifle interface with the shooter all serve as a unique interfaces comparable to a spring with its own stiffness constant, and since they are all attached to the same body, they all simultaneously affect the system’s dynamics. It is important to note, wave functions propagate ideally through uniform, homogeneous mediums, and those that diverge from the natural frequency of a body or individual component generate irregularities and non-repeating wave patterns that induce amplitudes perceived as vibration, which dissipates by grounding and friction.

__P and S Waves__

Vibration consists of S and P waves. S waves are sinusoidal functions while P waves are complex sheering functions generated from compressive and expansive forces. When a barrel undergoes flexion, S and P waves resonate at 8,000 and 13,000 mph, respectively, traversing the barrel’s entire length many times before the bullet even exits the muzzle. Examples of a S and P waves include barrel whip and the compression of the barrel acted by bullets engaging rifling and high bore pressure, respectively.

__Temperature and Waves__

The speed with which these waves travel through the barrel though varies by temperature. Greater the temperature yields greater atomic vibration, and this increases the distance between atoms and thus the time for one atom to collide with another atom to relay a wave at some frequency. Since all atoms vibrate, a consequence of having a temperature above absolute zero, temperature drives the five material states: solid, liquid, gas, plasma, and Bose-Einstein condensate. Wave functions travel more efficiently through solids than liquids and in liquids than gases (with minimal energy loss in the vibration of the atom itself) due to atomic vibration and atomic arrangement density. In other words, atoms are more closely packed in a solid and so on. Waves are described by the equation λf = v. Click on the following video animations on Sound Waves and Sound Propagation in Different Mediums.

__Barrel Flexion and Waves__

As heat flows from a high to low energy state, from low to high entropy, incremental increases in temperature induce infinitesimally small changes in the efficiency of the medium to conduct waves as the medium itself undergoes infinitesimally small phase shifts from solid to liquid. Sinusoidal S and compressive P waves are generated by gas pressure, recoil, and the interaction between the bullet and the barrel in way of rifling, bore concentricity and straightness, and gravitational torque imparted on the barrel itself. These waves are the derivative of immense forces working to simultaneously push, pull, stretch, compress, and twist a barrel. The speed and magnitude of each flexion is relayed as a frequency of displacement, and they respond to temperature gradients. Since these waves travel many times faster than the bullet, they create amplitudes that can further exaggerate the bullet’s interaction and effect(s) on the barrel, causing even greater deflection and accelerations about its center axis that is perceptible as barrel whip (a consequence of highly dynamic constructive and destructive interference patterns).

__Ladder Tests__

Standard barrels exude sufficient stiffness, but since no object is absolutely rigid, flexion affects when a bullet meets an axial or lateral bend amplitude within the barrel itself, causing different compressive and tensive forces, and thereby different shot patterns. Applying a Gaussian distribution, 67% and 95% of groups will fall within a 1 and 2 standard deviation, respectively. Bell curves like this are common to predict the likelihood of specific outcomes in various scientific disciplines. In other words, a rifle that yields a 0.5-moa group will do so most of the time. In theory, ladder tests should produce purely vertical groups with points of impact increasing in relation to increases in velocity if all other variables are kept constant. However, ladder tests almost always yield horizontal dispersion.

Given rifling only marginally affects BC (1-2% on a “shout-out” barrel) and hand loads further reduce error found in principal axis tilt or pressure curves, stark changes in group size and or position suggest other forces are at work. Shooters can compensate using their scope, zeroing to an observed position of precision. For example, if A-bullet shot an average (x,y) and B-bullet shot (x+1,y+1), technically, one could dial out the “+1” movement and make that zero, but this zero is now calibrated to those conditions, and changes in barrel temperature due to ambient air, sun soak, or long, shot strings introduce a variable. Thus, barrels that undergo horizontal dispersion from small variable changes are likely reacting to one or more forces affecting flexion, which is exacerbated by heat as it changes material properties.

__Second Moment of Area__

The S and P waves produced from gas pressure, recoil, and the bullet’s interaction with the barrel transfer enormous energy into the compression, tension, and torque of the barrel. As these linear and radial functions traverse the barrel, amplitudes manifest as acceleration and thereby a velocity about its center axis. This velocity is described by its moment of inertia while its flexion is described as its second moment of area.

To better visualize a barrel’s physical response to waves, the following models and simulations are accredited to Al Harral, in charge of performing engineering and structural analyses on complex systems for 30 years at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, a government R&D facility. Analyses utilized LS-DYNA Finite Element Code, a powerful program for analyzing the dynamic and static loading of structures. It is important to note, the following FEA simulations assume a perfectly straight bore and exhibit displacements that are greatly amplified so changes in shape can be easily perceived. Click here for details. The simulations exhibit “forced deformations from the high pressure gas and recoil cause the muzzle to change where it is pointing at the target when the bullet exits the muzzle (….) The recoil and bullet motions ‘pulls’ the rifle barrel to a new shape.” – Al Harral’s 3-D Finite Element Analysis of a Barrel’s First Few Vibration Mode Shapes and Frequencies. Hence, a barrel with superior stiffness will exhibit less flexion just from gas pressure and recoil alone. Further, the depicted simulations shows “The vertical amplitude of vibration is more heavily excited than the horizontal vibration, because the center of gravity of the rifle is located below the barrel’s center line and the bullet’s travel down the barrel causes a vertical turning moment about the rifles center of gravity. [Making] the vertical vibration most important” – Al Harral’s Barrel Tuner Vibration Analysis.

The simulated 6mm rifle assumes a 22″ 416 stainless barrel with no rifling and straight taper from 1.24″ at the breach to a 0.935″ DIA at the muzzle. The modeled barrel, action, stock, scope, scope mounts, brass weight, etc. came within approximately 7oz of the real thing. The FEA calculation for vertical POI often came within 0.1-MOA or less of real test results.

Mode 1 – Cantilever Bending

82Hz

Mode 2 1 Node Bending

406Hz

Mode 3 – 2 Node Bending

1050Hz

Mode 4 – Axial Extension

1756Hz

Mode 5 – 3 Node Bending

1984Hz

The above simulations demonstrate how different frequencies manifest as physical movement along the barrel’s length. It is important to note, while modes 1, 2, and 3 are shown in a single plane, they may exist in other planes, and exemplary modes 1-5 are – all – excited, simultaneously when firing a round. While the higher frequency modes have extremely small amplitudes, it is difficult to visualize just five modes acting at the same time, let alone many more.

The amount of resistance a shape can exert to bending about its geometry on a particular axis is its second moment of area, and this is dependent on the area and material distribution to the axial moment. Cross-sections of an object that locate the majority of the material far from the bending axis have larger moments of inertia, making said cross section considerably more difficult to bend when force is applied. This is one reason I-beams, and not rectangular bars, are commonly used in structural applications, because they position sufficient mass in both x-y planes to resist force and deflection. Since Structural Barrels are analogous to I-beams reinforcing the bore in multiple planes, this creates a geometry that resists bending in multiple planes. Click __here__ for a mathematical and geometric proof for a Structured Barrel’s superior stiffness compared to a standard barrel of the same mass.

Mathematical Proofs for Increased Stiffness

Second Moment of Area (J) for a cross section of a barrel

J = ∫ r² dA; where r² = x² + y² and dA = 2π • r dr

J = ∫ r² • 2π • r dr = πR⁴/2

Perpendicular Axis Theorem Jz = Ix + Iy; barrels are a symmetric object

Ix = Iy = πR⁴/4

Second Moment of Area per Unit of Area | Rod (standard barrel) versus Tube (Structured Barrel)

SRod = IRod / A; where A is the area πR² = R²/4

STube= (IRod / A) – (ITube / A) = R²(1+x²)/4

We see as the x limit approaches a 1:1 ratio to the radius R in the STube, a tube exhibits twice the stiffness, but this also requires an infinitely small radius. Nevertheless, these equations indisputably demonstrate a body of equal mass positioned farther from the bending axis has a larger moment of inertia, making it significantly more difficult to bend. This is further corroborated by an independent aeronautical CEL analysis that found +50% greater stiffness in a simulated barrel of the same weight.

Using R²/4, or the stiffness per unit area, we can evaluate this to a barrel that is X% larger, and the difference between a big and small barrel may be simplified as R²(1-X²)/4. Since X is the difference between two barrel diameters as a percent, it is important to note this value is driven by a square. So, procuring a 1.65″ blank versus a 1.35″ blank yields 22.50% more (free) stiffness. Compound this with added structural rigidity, and this value becomes rather significant. It is no secret bull barrels are typically more precise than a standard profile. Mathematically, this is one reason why.

**UNDERSTANDING BARREL FLEXION AS HEAT**

__Flexion and Energy__

Gas pressure, recoil, and the interaction between the bullet and the barrel are all exemplary forces that act on a barrel The equation to describe force is the multiple of mass and acceleration, the rate velocity changes in respect to time. Since barrels have mass, the work done to accelerate a barrel onto a sinusoidal wave about its center axis via tensive and compressive forces requires energy. These relationships are described by the below equations:

v = x/t

a = dx/dt (rate of change)

F = m•a

W = F•Δx

ΔK = W

K = Energy (kinetic)

__Energy and Temperature__

Since energy is proportional to the work that acts on a system from an initial state to a final state (the First Law of Thermodynamics) and the Law for Conservation Energy dictates energy remains constant and is neither created nor destroyed, the work done on a barrel to accelerate it about its center axis due to flexion requires massive energy. Friction caused between atoms as the barrel accelerates into flexion generates heat, thereby raising barrel temperature and affecting material stiffness (modulus of elasticity). Even though each atom is not vibrating at the same rate, described by Maxwellian distribution, it is important to note the increase in thermal energy raises all individual atom vibrational speeds as an average, even though the medium as a whole will consist of multiple heat gradients along the barrel’s entire length.

__Thermal Expansion__

Changes in temperature affect the kinetic energy of individual atoms and thereby alter material properties. In a solid, atoms are closely packed together, held firmly in place by strong attractive forces. These atoms primarily vibrate about their fixed positions without moving past each other resulting in a definite shape and volume. These vibrations are described by Lennard-Jones potential, a physics equation that evaluates the interaction and resulting potential energies between two non-bonding atoms based on their distance of separation. Visualized as a spring linking two neighboring atoms, the potential energy between two atoms is asymmetrical, increasing more steeply as the two atoms get closer together than when farther away, a consequence of it taking less energy to repel the atoms apart than its attractive counterpart. Described in the below diagram, the red line signifies the potential energy between two atoms, and we can visually appreciate the two atoms will spend more time apart than together about its oscillation. In other words, as the kinetic energy of each atom increases, the average distance between atoms also increases and the material expands. Since solids are isotropic, there is no preferred direction of expansion. Therefore, increases in temperature increases the size of the solid by a certain fraction per degree (thermal expansion coefficient). So while its proportions stay the same, the overall size changes. This is called thermal expansion, the tendency of matter to change in shape, volume, and area in response to changes in temperature.

Thermal expansion is defined by the physics equation:

ΔL = αL • ΔT

ΔL is the change in length

α is the thermal expansion coefficient

L is the starting length

ΔT is the change in temperature

Using 6.5 x 10-6 inches per °F as the thermal coefficient for 416 stainless steel, changes in ΔT may greatly affect barrel length, diameter, and even bore diameter. Premiere bullet manufacturers segregate below a 0.0001″ margin of error, and changes in ambient air temperature, sun soak, or extended shot strings can easily accumulate +0.0001″ of bore movement. Using this equation assumes a uniform temperature about its entire longitudinal and radial length, so it is important to note temperature gradients realize different thermal expansion rates and thereby material stresses as material properties undergoes phase shifts.

__Energy and Waves__

As thermal energy increases, the barrel’s atomic arrangement density also decreases due to thermal expansion. This expansion is uniform per calorie, but not uniform about the barrel length due to many temperature gradients. Since the mass of the barrel remains unchanged but the overall distance between each atom increases, thermal expansion continuously changes the tendency for the barrel to conduct waves as the distance and associated time for one atom to collide with another atom to relay a frequency changes gradient to gradient. Section ‘Temperature and Waves’ aides to provide more detail on the concept.

Variable Heat (Q)

While heat variable Q has minimal effects on the system’s rigidity at minimal round counts, extended firing sequences adds non-linear heat values Q₁ + Q₂ + Q₃ + Qₙ into the system, causing the barrel to become increasingly susceptible to flexion due to changes in material stiffness. An example of this is identifying groups opening, losing both precision and accuracy, on extended round counts. The prime temperature gain Q₁ describes detonation, pressure, and friction, but each subsequent Qₙ segways into greater and greater contributions from atomic friction and the work done to accelerate the barrel to greater and greater amplitudes. This increasing Q variable affects barrel stiffness and thereby reduces precision and accuracy.

__Heat and Material Failure__

The work converted into thermal energy not only increases atomic vibration, affecting material stiffness (modulus of elasticity) and other atomic, mechanical, vibrational, and thermal properties, but it also changes a barrel’s response to a force load. Once a force impulse wrought by flexion exceeds the material’s stiffness and at its temperature moment, material failure ensues.

__Mathematical Proof for Heat Flow__

Bull barrels maintain a lower temperature than a standard profile, and a standard profile than a pencil barrel, a reason typically accredited to thermal mass. While this is correct, it fails to define the function and thereby other primary variables. Physics tells us the rate of heat transfer is directly proportional to the temperature difference and transfer area, but inversely proportional to the area’s thickness.

Q = kA • ΔT/ΔX; where k is the thermal conductivity coefficient

A = 2πrL (still L x W)

ΔX = Δr (for the radius)

In this evaluation, since temperature and radius are changing with respect to bore center, we use an integral ( ∫ ) to solve an infinite number of evaluations from r1 to r2. Rewriting and solving the above equation yields:

Q = 2πrkL • (T1 – T2) / Ln(r2/r1); (W)

This equation mathematically defines the amount of heat energy that must be conducted through the wall of a tube from the bore r1 to bring the exterior r2 to temperature T2. If we increase wall thickness L by increasing r2 or temperature disparity ΔT, we see Q, the energy to reach temperature T2, also increases.

__CORRELATING BARREL FLEXION TO EXTERNAL BALLISTICS__

__Non-linear Acceleration__

The work done to accelerate a barrel about its center axis can also cost valuable kinetic energy (K = 1/2•m•v²). Knowing no system is absolutely rigid with zero energy loss, projectiles must accelerate through a dynamic system, causing irregular accelerations given the bullet must momentarily straighten an imperfectly straight bore under non-uniform load. “The barrel [itself] is initially slightly deflected downward due to gravity [torque]. When the round is fired, the pressure also tends to straighten the barrel. As the barrel straightens, it over shoots in the upward direction and this adds to the excitation of the Mode 1 vibration. As a side note, the axial extension vibration mode is also probably heavily excited.” – Al Harral’s Barrel Tuner Analysis. This concept is further expanded on in Ep. 057 of the Hornady Podcast discussing ‘One Hole Groups? Dispersion’.

__Ballistic Coefficient (BC)__

Accelerating the barrel about its axis not only costs energy, but it can also affect BC, the ability for a projectile to resist drag. The following is an exert from Sierra Bullets 2.4 Lessons Learned from Ballistic Coefficient Testing:

“Theoretically, the BC of a bullet depends only on its weight, caliber and shape. But in a practical sense, the measured BC of a bullet also depends on many other effects. The gun can affect the measured BC value in two important ways: spin stabilization and tip-off moments. A bullet is gyroscopically stabilized by its spin, which is imparted by the rifling in the barrel. If a bullet is perfectly stabilized by its spin, then its longitudinal axis (which is also its spin axis) is almost perfectly aligned with its velocity vector. If a bullet is not perfectly stabilized (which is usually the case), the bullet may not be tumbling, but its point undergoes a precessional rotation as it flies. In previous editions of Sierra’s Reloading Manuals we have described this precessional rotation and have called it “coning” motion to aid in mental visualization of the motion. As the bullet flies, the point rotates in a circular arc around the direction of the velocity vector. Coning motion results in increased drag on the bullet, and any firing test method then yields an effective BC value for the bullet that is lower than the theoretical value. We have never been successful in accurately predicting BC values, or determining these values by any method other than firing tests.”

1. Longitudinal axis

2. Velocity vector

3. Nutation

4. Precession

ψ Yaw*Image credit*

“Not only is the muzzle exit angle changing in time, but the muzzle is also moving in the vertical direction while the bullet is traveling down the barrel. When the bullet exits the muzzle, the bullet will have the same velocity as the muzzle.” – Al Harral’s Barrel Tuner Analysis. One of the most basic evaluations, in finite terms, is given bullets have length, they cannot be evaluated as a finite point. Thus, bullets will almost always have nutation, precession, or yaw of some degree due to a barrel’s acceleration about its center axis from gas pressure, recoil, and the interface between the bullet and the barrel. This is the precise reason load development embodies finding an amplitude where barrel velocity and the resulting tip-off moment is minimal.

__DEFINING A STRUCTURED BARREL AND ITS ADVANTAGES__

__Solving the Problem__

From the physics principles outlined above, we learn barrel stiffness and temperature control drive precision. TACOM HQ eloquently solves both critical elements via Structured Barrels with aftermarket interior and exterior finishes to significantly increase rigidity and surface area. These work in concert for a heightened level precision.

2023

• .22 NLR | 1st Place Chris Baxter

• ELR Heavy – Global Ranking | 1st Place Chris Schmidt

• Review import/export code(s) and requirements here.

## Advantages

• Structured Barrels are significantly stiffer than a standard barrel. See INTEL > How it works for details.

• An independent analysis using MSC/NASTRAN, a state of the art program in the aerospace engineering world, found it was 56% stiffer than a standard barrel of the same weight.

• Structured Barrels are 21% lighter than a standard barrel of the same stiffness.

• Larger the outer diameter (OD), greater the Structural benefits. Smaller the OD, lighter the barrel at the loss of additional rigidity.

• Weight is comparable to a standard barrel if matched.

• Structured Barrels are 38% lighter than a standard barrel with the same frequency.

• Requires minimal load development.

• Structured Barrels exude +300% more surface area compared to a standard barrel, yielding less mirage, barrel drift, and velocity migration at extended round counts.

• Improving both structural stiffness and temperature resistance conserves superior material stiffness through pressure, heat, and force cycling. Once a resulting force impulse wrought by flexion exceeds the material’s stiffness provided by its temperature moment, material failure ensues, and extended firing sequences strain material properties. See INTEL > How it Works for details.

• First shots after break-in | Mark and Sam After Work

• Experience and analysis | Rex Review

• Structured Barrels worth it? | Chase Stround DPI Precision and Chris Schmidt

• Ladder test | Coastal Precision

• Throat erosion comparison | Coastal Precision

• CEL aeronautic program analysis | TACOM HQ

• Independent user compilation | TACOM HQ

## Finishes

• A deep-hole drill pattern around the bore that takes advantage of axial compression.

• Axial compression describes the tensive and compressive forces exerted on an object to make it bend. Tubes are simple structures that oppose this event due to its ideal structural stiffness. AUX drilling creates a host of tubes that work in series to reinforce the bore. As one hole bends, one side undergoes tension and the other compression. This triggers the hole opposite of it in the pattern to undergo compression and tension, 180 degrees out of sync, and opposing force vectors cancel applicable x-y magnitudes. This significantly reduces supersonic flexion and the work done to generate thermal energy.

• AUX drilling is not a sleeve. Thermodynamic expansion coefficient deltas from different materials induce systematic stress and changes in vibrational frequency.

• Vent holes are configured in a spiral pattern near the throat induce concentrated convection cooling.

• Negative pressure generated at the muzzle pulls columns of high-velocity air through the entire neck of the barrel with each shot, cooling it from the inside-out. Velocity may exceed 50 fps (10 m/s).

*Suppressors alter the precise location of this low-pressure zone and will dampen this phenomenon.

• Aligns metallurgic molecular structures to reduce material micro voids, tears, and or overlaps for more uniform material stiffness and harmonic stability.

• Offset radii cored perpendicular to AUX drilling pattern around the chamber to dampen vibrational frequency.

• Extracts significant weight while maintaining rigidity.

• Multi-directional threads cut in randomized sequences of length and pitch to resist surface translated harmonics while increasing heat dissipation.

• Adds more surface area for greater temperature resistance.

• Sandblast – Creates millions of microscopic surface depressions to increase surface area and reduce glare (ideal for snipers).

## Specifications

• Click here to select a final, max barrel diameter by caliber.

• Larger the diameter, greater the Structural benefits. Smaller the diameter, lighter the barrel. Prioritize performance or weight. Final diameters are dictated by caliber and length. Change the length for more finish options.

• Select a final, Structure diameter per stock or chassis barrel channel.

- Assuming a high-end lapped barrel, use Tubb’s break-in bullets from the TMS kit – caliber specific. Five sets of bullets will be provided with your kit.
- Load ten bullets at 75-85% of charge and lube each bullet with Imperial Sizing Wax, Hornady One Shot, or equivalent to reduce seating pressure. Set seating depth so the bullets do not engage the rifling.
- Thoroughly clean the bore using a brush and patches to remove particulates; this may require significant brush-force due to adhesion forces.
- Shoot five rounds.
- Thoroughly clean the barrel using a brush, patches, solvents, and detergents for 30-60 mins until you get a clean patch. This prevents driving unwanted material into the barrel’s porosity.
- Shoot remaining five rounds and repeat step 5.
- Shoot five Burnishing Bullets and repeat step 5.
- Shoot 10 rounds using your specific bullet at 85% charge (metallurgies vary between manufacturers) and repeat step 5.

Complete. At this stage, there should be a lead into the lands and any burrs from throat operations removed.

*DISCLAIMER: Failure to follow these steps may cause inaccuracies, and voids any guarantees associated to Structured Barrels®.

• Repeat steps 1-5 as necessary for tune intervals will vary according to caliber, pressure, and bore conditions.

• Borescopes are highly recommended to guarantee a comprehensive and consistent bore cleaning.

## Standard vs. Structure

• Structured Barrel Versus Standard Using a Swithlug

Jul 18, 2018

• TACOM HQ’s Structured Barrels Beat the Heat

Sep 6, 2018

• Studying Barrel Drift (Structured vs Conventional Barrels)

Jul 21, 2022

10x 5-Round Strings per Barrel Manufacturer – Total 50 Rounds

Temperature Readings

Temperature Readings

• Vudoo .22

“The first 10-rounds with the SK were one hole. One thing became very obvious to me is the ES/SD impact shows immediately, but that was it. The rifle wants put everything in the same hole. It’s like watching a video game through the scope. No recoil, no movement, nothing just deadness.

Groups at 100-yds | POA 2/10ths high:

+ 1st row CX .001RO | Avg .1675″

+2nd row Midas+ no RO | Avg .268″

+3rd row XACT no RO | Avg .276″

+4th row Tenex no RO | Avg .272″

*RO – Run out

Corollary data:

CX 0.001RO | Avg 1065 SD 6.7

M+ | Avg 1068 SD 11.4

XACT | Avg 1049 SD 8.9

Tenex | Avg 1107 SD 8.1

Δ58 FPS

Honestly, the rifle outperformed every ammo I fed it. It needs to go to Lapua and Eley for testing in their tunnels to find an ammo lot that will deliver the best SD’s. It was amazing shooting across the radar that I could tell based on where the impact went whether the velocity was high or low. I did have some ammo I was testing an Olympic runout gauge on, and the ammo performed best. And it was .001RO. I still need to shoot the .000’s I have, those will tighten up the group even more. Or at least the data of 20 years of research shows that for every .001″ of run out equates to 1/10th group size. The barrel is outstanding, and shows quickly the weak point is in the ammunition. Even though it’s Olympic ammo.

The velocity gained has been consistently 30fps, and that’s with a 4″ longer barrel than prior. ES has been cut in half and are consistently low single digits with match ammo. Shooting at a Dalt of about 7500ft in 95-deg weather, the Lapua SLR ammo was ~1150fps (spicy), but the groups at 200+ were incredibly tight.” – Chris Baxter

5-Round Groups from Four Different Manufacturers

Customer Rifle

“I finished the local season (.22 NLR) with a 777.5 point lead over my next closest competitor, who shot the same matches. The spread was roughly a fully match worth. The barrel was instrumental in being able to achieve the Expert Classification. I am the 16th person in the country to achieve it.” Chris Baxter closed the season at 8228.0 points, averaging 713.0 points per match. The next top four competitors averaged 6,994.8 points or 649.2 per match.

• Rounds 21-30x on 300 Norma with +1,800 documented rounds

1x Round every 30-35s at 100yds

Factory 208gr at 3,164 FPS

Ambient 58°F

Barrel temperature 110°F

Day 1

Day 2 (repeat)

• “Loving this barrel but DAMN has it sped up my MV’s. It isn’t a huge fan of my SK long range ammo that used to shoot 1075 consistently in 80 degree weather, it now shoots 1109. I tried some Eley Tenex that is rated at 1069 from the lot number but shoots 1130 MV’s in the same temp. Huge differences and I’d expect the barrel to speed up as it ‘breaks in’.

Lapua center X went from 1085 to 1133.9 avg, SK LR went from 1079 to 1109 avg, Eley TENEX went from 1080’s to 1130, Eley Tenex Ultimate went from 1080’s to 1112.5 avg. Interestingly, SK Match maintained a 1057 avg which is barely over the low 1050’s avg it had before. All 30-shot strings for average in 81-degrees” – @76.binder

• World Record Extreme Long Range Shot 4.4 Miles

Sep 14, 2022

• TACOM HQ Structured Barrel Temperature Testing

Sep 24, 2022

15x Round Shot String .416 Barrett with ~40s Intervals

15x Round Shot String .416 Barrett with ~40s Intervals Cool Down

• 3,000 Round 6mmCM Structured Barrel

• 30-round Group from 3x factory ammos shot every 30-35s

Bottom group Sig Sauer 107gr Marksman

Middle group Hornady 108gr ELDM

Top group Barnes 112gr match burner